Mood disorders are considered to be a range of mental health problems that are also referred to as affective disorders. The most common types of mood disorders include:
- Major depressive disorder (MDD). This is a period of at least two weeks of a noticeable decrease in interest or pleasure in usual activities, accompanied by a depressed or irritable mood and other symptoms of mood disorder.
- Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD). This mood dysregulation manifest itself as severe recurrent temper outbursts in response to common stressors, averaging at least three per week, for at least 1 year. The outbursts must occur in at least two distinct settings such as school or home, and the symptoms must began before the age of 10 years old.
- Bipolar Disorder. This disorder has been portrayed and described more and more in the media and our society, although usually in a pejorative portrayal. The diagnosis usually is on a spectrum of illnesses and can involve a combination of inflated self-esteem or grandiosity, decreased need for sleep, more talkative than usual, flight of ideas, distractibility, increased goal-directed activity, excessive involvement in activities that have a high potential for painful consequences, and delusional thoughts.
- Dysthymic Disorder (DD). This is a low level, chronic depression or irritable mood that ahs persisted for at least one year. It can begin in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood.
- Mood disorders due to another medical condition. Cancer, injuries, infections, and chronic medical illnesses can all trigger symptoms of depression.
- Substance induced mood disorder. Certain medications, drug abuse, exposure to toxins, and other substance exposure can cause mood disorders as well.
A qualified psychiatrist can accurately diagnose and treat mood disorders, relieving symptoms and aiding in recovery.